Do you see this message all the time when you run
It’s true. The git protocol is not fully secure, meaning that the server that you are pulling code from is not verified by certificate authorities. Seems a bit scary!
Now, when converting, most of your gems in your
Gemfile will be fine converting from git protocol to https. However, it is the private repositories that you’ll need to authenticate.
In order to switch to the HTTPS protocol, for these private gems from github, you’ll need to figure out how you’re going to authenticate when deploying, shipping to CI, or setting up a new workstation.
So how do we go about doing this?
In a very old post on github’s blog, they announced that they were going to support a HTTP Basic Auth implementation allowing OAuth generated tokens. When you normally do a
bundle install, your workstation will ask you for a username and a password, but when you’re deploying or running a build in CI, you won’t be able to enter that. You want to be able to run a uninterrupted, non-interactive
Let’s break it down to a more simple problem. We want to be able to do a
git clone https://github.com/hjhart/private_repo without being asked for a username or a password. We can do that by adding some basic authentication parameters to the URL, with the username being a newly generated OAuth token.
The above command will no longer ask you for a password! You can also omit the password
x-oauth-token if that fits your workflow better.
We will use the same strategy in your Gemfile to clone these repositories in your deployments or your CI scripts.
Inside your Gemfile, you’ll want to replace lines that use
git: 'email@example.com...' with HTTPS urls, like so:
Now we just need to instruct bundler where the find the credentials. We can do that by issuing a bundle config command.
This creates an environment variable in your
~/.bundle/config file, which will exist every time you run a
Now, running a
bundle install will authenticate using those credentials specified. For CI environments, or deployment environments, you can also just specify the environment variable when issuing bundle commands, but I find it more consistent to place the authentication token inside of the
A Quick Side Note
For gems that are defined like this:
gem 'private_repo', github: 'hjhart/private_repo', bundler 2.0 will default to using HTTPS. For now, you can also issue a
bundle config github.https true to allow this convenient notation to use HTTPS. See this github issue for more details.
Generate Your Token
To generate a new token, just replace the
note in the command below.
After being prompted for your password, a response will be returned like this:
Use the generated token as described in the Bundle Config section of this blog post for your workstations, your CI environment, and any app servers you deploy to.
Now, when you run a
bundle install your gems will be downloaded in a secure manner, and you won’t get any more warnings from bundler! Happy bundling!
You can see all of your active tokens on github here.
When changing from the git protocol to the HTTPS protocol, bundler loses “track” of which version or git SHA the gem will be locked to. It sometimes will help to grab the git reference from the Gemfile.lock, and placing it into the
Gemfile while making the switch. That way, the gems code will not unexpectedly change!
However, if all gems are recent (which they most likely will, as these are your private gems), you won’t have any problems.